Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Aging In the Reanissance and As You Like It Life starts upon the exit from the mothers womb. From that moment, time marches on until the inevitable death occurs to take one once again from the world of the living. Life and death fascinated various playwrights and authors of the Renaissance. Shakespeare made his interest in aging known in many of his plays and sonnets. He approaches this continuing theme from many angles. In many of his sonnets he talks about aging and how the image changes as one ages and gets older and less attractive. The most interesting of Shakespeares plays involving a theme of aging is As You Like It. This is one of Shakespeares latter comedies and asks the viewer to choose which romance he or sheÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Last scene of all, That ends this strange eventful history, Is second childishness and mere oblivion, Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything As You Like It, 2. 7. Norton 1622. This speech clearly shows the Victorian views on aging. Since the average lifespan was so much shorter during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, many people tended to get married and have children much earlier than today. Although it is commonly believed that the young love of gt;Romeo and Juliet was commonplace in England at this time, marriage registries show that many did not marry until their mid twenties (Best). This would mean a more mature man in the role of husband. As You Like It is a play to please everybody. So while there is happiness, there is sadness, while young there is old (Gardner 65). During this time, England was a highly Patriarcherial society. With the exception of Queen Elizabeth I, the head of the house was a man, the overlord was a man, and even the estates were inherited by the firstborn son. It did not matter if there were three or four girls before a male birth; that male would inherit (Smith 65). Therefore an aristocratic boy would be educated in Latin and reading; a peasant would become an apprentice
Friday, May 15, 2020
Abstract Foster care is defined as an out of home placement outside of the biological family. Individuals are placed in foster care due to some form of child maltreatment, rather it be sexual abuse, neglect, and/or physical abuse. Adolescents who age out of the foster care system are between the ages of eighteen and twenty-one years old who are still in the child welfare system and have not been adopted. Aging out of the foster care systems means that adolescents currently in the child welfare system who have reached the age of eighteen and do not plan to continue in an educational setting has reached the age to where the state can no longer provide for them. Those adolescents who remain in foster care past their eighteenth birthday have to be in some type of educational setting, but at their twenty first birthday that individual is forced out of the system and into adulthood. The foster care system is intended to be temporary until families can receives and complete services to be r eunified with their child/children. It has been known that in numerous cases that some individuals who enter foster care with the goal of reunification end up with a changed goal of independency causing them to stay in foster care until they age out. Adolescents being forced out of the child welfare system into adulthood without any continuous assistance or preparation for survival some of them have been left homeless or incarcerated. Transition from adolescence to adulthood comes with theShow MoreRelatedTrauma Essay1329 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDevelopment of Systems that Promote Evidence-Based Treatments for Trauma Associated with Child Maltreatment In 2012, a report by the Attorney Generals National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence indicated that over 46 million children residing in the United States were most likely to have their lives affected by violence, crime, abuse, or psychological trauma in that year (Klain, White, 2013). The task force recommended that every concerned group serving children exposed to violence andRead MoreEvidence-Based Home Visiting Practices1052 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPractices Child maltreatment has serious implications for social work, because of the difficulties in intervening or preventing the occurrence of child maltreatment. Social workÃ¢â¬â¢s primary missions involve improving human well-being and human potential and assisting the vulnerable populations. In cases of child maltreatment, social workerÃ¢â¬â¢s need to be able to effectively recognize and respond to incidents of child maltreatment; as well as, effectively identify the causes of child maltreatment in orderRead MoreRichard J. Gelles s The Book Of David1054 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthat keeping troubled families together was what was best for the child. However, he changed his mind after he reviewed the tragic case of David Edwards, who was an infant killed by his mother after falling through the gaps of the child welfare system. David had an older sister who was taken from their home after obtaining juries leading to hospitalization. She was later removed from her parents care after they p leaded guilty to child neglect. A month after DavidÃ¢â¬â¢s birth, Mr. and Mrs. Edwards voluntarilyRead MoreAnnotated Bibliography On Child Welfare System1220 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Child Welfare System: An Annotated Bibliography The child welfare system is a child protective agency. Their focus is to protect children. Without the agency, there will be a lot of hurt children. The focus of my paper is make to you aware of the child welfare system. Including the history, racism, issues, and outcomes of the system. I chose this topic because child welfare doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t receive enough attention. That is my own personal belief. I believe people need to be aware of the child welfareRead MoreSupport Of Family Reunification As A Primary Outcome For Children1473 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfoster care system. Some of the reasons in support of family reunification include that children do best when raised in a stable family setting, preventing multiple placements increases safety, permanency and well-being, there are cost benefits in reduction in the number of children in care, and states can avoid funding sanctions by meeting federal outcome goals (Supporting Reunification and Preventing Reentry Into Out-of-Home Care). Leaving children to grow up in the foster care system is not aRead MoreMy Field Placement Will Be At Child Protective Services Essay1441 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Introduction My field placement will be at Child protective services in El Paso TX. The department of child Protective Services withholds a wide range of services and responsibilities that include, investigating reports of abuse and neglect of children, provide services to children and families in their homes, providing services to help youth in foster care successfully transition to adulthood and helping children find adoption. There are many subdivisions within the department itself which offersRead MoreChild Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act Essay713 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Child abuse and neglect incidence rates are approximately ten times higher than the incidence rates for cancer. The incident rates for child abuse and neglect are 40 children per 1,000 children every year. The incidence rates for cancer patients are 3.9 people per 1,000 people every year. According to Frank Putnam (2005), Ã¢â¬Å"We find an incidence rate for child abuse and neglect that is about ten times as high as the inc idence rate for all forms of cancerÃ¢â¬ ¦There is a multi-billion-dollar research baseRead MoreChild Maltreatment And Its Effect On Children Essay1469 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthere is a high chance that we will read another horror story about a maltreated child. It seems as long as bad people are in this world, abuse and neglect will always exist. While statistics show that maltreatment cases have decreased, we wonder if that really is the case. Many people feel that both the police and programs created to protect children have failed. Although, we might not be able to stop maltreatment altogether, there is still room for improvement to prevent it with education and enforcingRead MoreDeveloping Number Of Child Welfare Offices1231 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Willuance Mesalien Nova Southeastern University Abstract A developing number of Child welfare offices are utilizing differential Response (DR) in a push to react all the more adaptably to child abuse and neglect reports and to better meet singular family needs. In these frameworks, families with screened-in child maltreatment reports might get either a customary examination or an alternative investigation response, contingent upon the kind of claim furthermoreRead MoreDeveloping Number Of Child Welfare Offices1231 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Willuance Mesalien Nova Southeastern University Abstract A developing number of Child welfare offices are utilizing differential Response (DR) in a push to react all the more adaptably to child abuse and neglect reports and to better meet singular family needs. In these frameworks, families with screened-in child maltreatment reports might get either a customary examination or an alternative investigation response, contingent upon the kind of claim furthermore
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Accepting Autism While at school in his transitional kindergarten class, Avery becomes increasingly frustrated with himself and suddenly begins to have what others would call a tantrum. AveryÃ¢â¬â¢s frustration gets the best of him, and he slaps himself. Other students suddenly stop what they are doing and they watch their classmate. Little do they know that he cannot express himself in the same way that they can; he cannot let go of his frustrations and other emotions as well as they can. They simply do not understand or have a knowledge of what is truly happening in their small classroom. AveryÃ¢â¬â¢s classmates laugh at him, and their laughter only makes his frustration worse. The teacher finally becomes aware of the situation and tells the other students to go to recess. Mrs. Green sits with Avery and tells him everything is fine and that their is no reason to be frustrated. Mrs. GreenÃ¢â¬â¢s efforts to soothe the five year old are not as effective as she had hoped. Avery c alms some, but is still shaking. Mrs. Green gives Avery something to drink and says to him, Ã¢â¬Å"I see that you were frustrated. I do not want you to feel upset, we are going to say five things that you did well today.Ã¢â¬ Avery looks at her with tears in his eyes. Mrs Green then said, Ã¢â¬Å"One, you put your bag in your cubby without making a mess. Two, you were quiet when we had carpet time. Three, you colored inside the lines. Four, you wrote your name perfectly. Five, you helped Jaycee pick up her crayons when she droppedShow MoreRelatedThe Importance Of Special Needs Athletes During The Raleigh County Special Olympics854 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesathletes the basic skills of basketball, they actually taught me more than I could have imagined through their positive outlooks, patience with themselves and toward others, and their kindness in general. Many of the athletes presented with symptoms of autism spectrum disorder and it was apparent that one athlete had down syndrome. All athletes were able to understand instruction and took direction well; however, only two athletes had the ability to converse for an extended period of time. Most of theRead MoreVaccination Is The Act Of Receiving An Injection Of Either Prepared Killed Microorganisms920 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Vaccination, also known as immunization, is the act of receiving an injection of either prepared killed microorganisms, living attenuated organisms, or living fully virulent organisms that is administered to produce or increase immunity levels to a particular disease (CDC). Vaccines against measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR), human papillomavirus (HPV), and influenza are three of the most controversial subjects in medicine. Over the last few years, there have been strong opinions concerning theseRead MoreThe Best Practices Inquiries : A Research Part Of The Social Work Field3346 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pagesmale who has been accepted into an Early Intervention classroom after he was late to reach his developmental milestones. After close evaluation, he was diagnosed with PDD-NOS (pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified) and has been receiving treatment ever since. Client X is working on obtaining speech and communication with others. Currently, he is functioning at a le vel lower than others of his percentile. Other than the diagnosis, he is a healthy toddler with no other serious healthRead MoreChildren With Autism Spectrum Disorders1770 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders need to learn the academic and social skills that will prepare them for future jobs, just as typically developing students do. The term Ã¢â¬Å"Autism Spectrum Disorders,Ã¢â¬ or ASD, refers to a group of disorders with specific characteristics including deficits with communication and socialization, repetitive behaviors, and limited or restricted interests. As much as possible, students with this disorder are typically mainstreamed, or included in, general educationRead MoreIntroduction Autism Essay2135 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pages Introduction Autism is on the rise. Many researchers feel the reasons isnÃ¢â¬â¢t because there are more kids being afflicted with it, but the increased public awareness has allowed this disorder to be more easily recognized and diagnosed at a earlier age. The word Ã¢â¬Å"autismÃ¢â¬ was first used by a Swiss psychiatrist Eugene Bleuler in an article written in the American Journal of Insanity in 1912. It comes from the Greek word meaning self. Bleuler used it to describe the schizophrenicÃ¢â¬â¢s seemingRead MoreProblem Based Learning Scenario Essay3164 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pagesindividual vaccines. 7 4. Public perceptions of MMR vaccines and how it affects clinical consultations. 8 5. Medicalisation of Autism. 9 6. 1. Define Terms Immunisation Coordinator The amount of health professionals involved in administering vaccines are vast and rangesRead MoreShould You Vaccinate Your Child? Essay1813 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesaccused of causing Autism. According to Frank Boehm, a professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Vanderbilt University medical center, vaccination shows no link to autism. In fact, the CDC, the Institute of Medicine and the World Health organization have all reported that no link between childhood vaccination and autism has been found. In addition, another experiment conducted by CDC proved that the vaccine given to children to prevent measles, mumps, and rubella did not cause autism. The suggestionRead MorePros And Cons Of Special Education749 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagessentence. The brown down is running around the park chasing a red ball. This allows the student to visually see what the student with the disability is seeing in their mind. You could be in art class and learning about art patterns and many students with autism see things in patterns and can draw. This allows the door to open a nd encourage communication. A friendship could be born and both students are learning from each other. The con to this idea is all students do not function on an individual level workingRead MoreVaccination Is A Fundamental Part Of A Healthy And Functional Society1870 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagessmallpox virus worldwide (Swendiman 1). Smallpox was a fatal disease that pillaged many countries all over the world and killed thousands of people. Recently many people have been choosing not to vaccinate their children but science has proven that receiving vaccines early is the most effective way to prevent diseases large and small (Shah 1). If the public started implementing programs to help improve parental knowledge about the reasons for routine vaccines, it will help show them the benefits andRead MoreVaccinations Should Be Mandatory Vaccinations Essay2470 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesdown syndrome and autism were becoming more apparent. Across the nation, autism seemed to be plaguing the children of the United States. Around this time, more children were receiving more vaccinations than ever befor e. Through very basic and generalized assumption--due to ignorance--autism was automatically correlated to the increase of vaccinations. Parents came up with their own ideas and fed off of the media. In the light of the many fears, Novella defines autism: Ã¢â¬Å"Autism is a complex neurological
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Carbon Dioxide (CO2) is a colorless gas, which was Essay CO2 first discovered in 1577 by Van Helmont who detected it in the products of both fermentation and charcoal burning. CO2 is used in solid, liquid, and gas forms in a variety of industrial processes. These include: beverage carbonation, dry ice, welding and chemicals manufacturing. It is produced by the combustion of all carbonaceous fuels and can be recovered in an abundance of ways. It is widely used today as a by-product of synthetic ammonia production, fermentation, and from flue gases by absorption process. CO2 is also a product of animal metabolism and is important in the life cycles of plants and animals. It is present in the atmosphere only in small quantities (.03% by vol.) CO2 is not very reactive at normal temperatures, but it does form carbonic acid, (H2CO3 ) in aqueous solution. This will undergo the typical reactions of a weak acid to form salts. I call it carbonic acid because in the presence of moisture, which we have all around us, it will make an acid. CO2 is also responsible for the acidic pH of rain water. So that nasty stuff called acid rain is caused by CO2. A solid hydrate CO28H20 separates from aqueous solutions of CO2 that are colder at elevated pressures. It is very stable at normal temperatures, but forms CO and O2 when heated above 1700oC. CO2 can be reduced by several methods, the most common being its reaction with hydrogen (H). This is the reverse of the water gas shift reaction, commonly used in the production of hydrogen and ammonia. It can also be reduced with hydrocarbons and carbons at elevated temperatures. CO2 will react with ammonia to form ammonium carbonate. CO2 + NH3 NH4 + CO3. We humans also produce CO2 with every breath we take, but the amount is too small to harm anyone. Carbon dioxide can be dangerous at higher levels though. A mere 5% by vol. of the gas in the air increases the breathing rate and long amounts of exposure can lead to unconsciousness or even death. The gas carbon dioxide is much heavier than the air around us and is also heavier than its friend carbon monoxide. Its density is much greater and it turn will cause the gas to be harder for plants to get rid of very quickly. Some scientist even say it will pour like a liquid into the air.Bibliography:
Monday, April 13, 2020
The movement of the unconscious of Medea has been highlighted. Her libido transforms into ego when her libido object is taken from her. She loses the ability to judge right from wrong. This perspective of Medea brings out the unique dramatic art of Ã¢â¬Å"EuripidesÃ¢â¬ in the ancient Greece. Ahmad Aqeel Sarwar Professor Ayesha Classical Drama 31st MarchÃ¢â¬â¢2012 Libido: MedeaÃ¢â¬â¢s Real Force Medea is a domestic tragedy by Euripides depicting the psychological implications because of grief that inflate the misery of a barbarian woman Medea. A close study of the mind of Medea shows that there are certain psychological constraints which play a vital role in all of her actions. The extremist actions of Medea are not driven by her rage and grief but by her libido. Freud explains libido as: Ã¢â¬Å"libido is a term used in the theory of instincts for describing the dynamic manifestations of sexuality. It is difficult to say anything of the behavior of Libido in thee id and super-ego. We will write a custom essay sample on Psychoanalysis of Medea or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Everything that we know about it relates to the ego, in which the whole available amount of libido is at first stored up. Libido participates in every instinctual manifestation, but not everything in that manifestation is libido. Ã¢â¬ (Freud, Dictionary of Psychoanalysis) It shows that libido is related to ego and its manifestation is instinctual. A strong libido can be observed in the character of Medea which manifests itself in her actions driven by her extreme ego. In order to get a true picture of Medea, the myth of Medea should be examined. Ovid has given a picture of Medea in his Metamorphoses. Patricia B. Salzman Mitchell describes the psychology of Medea, as portrayed in Ovids Metamorphoses: When her story begins in Book 7, she is no more than a girl, but a girl who promptly falls in love and would give it all to gain her beloved. Her desire springs from an image of Jason. The text first describes how she became passionate for the hero (concipit interea validos Aeetias ignes/ Ã¢â¬Å"In the meantime, the daughter of King Aeetes was ignited by the overpowering fire of love,Ã¢â¬ (Met. 7. 9); shortly thereafter we realize that she has just seen him: Ã¢â¬Å"cur, quem modo denique vidi,/ ne pereat timeo? /Ã¢â¬ Why am I afraid that he whom I have only just seen may die? Ã¢â¬ (Met. 7. 15-16). The visual impression proceeds in a double edged-way. Medea Struggling with her own emotions between duty and desire, states: sed trahit invitam nova vis, aliudque cupido, mens aliud suadet: video meliora proboque, deteriora sequor Ã¢â¬Å"But a new force derives me against my will. Desire persu ades me one way, my mind another. I see the better course and I approve of it, but I follow the worse. Ã¢â¬ (Met. 7. 19-21) These formulae utterances have profound inter textual echoes, serve as a defining trace of Medeas character, and hint at womans libido and inability to do the right thing. At a surface level, video meliora seems to refer to Medeas knowledge of the right path to follow. Her previous comment that she has just seen Jason bears the hidden sense that what is melora may well be Jason, in her eyes. In addition, the monologue presents a key problem in the story: why does Medea burn for a foreigner? (Met. . 21-22). Medeas barbarism and the problems of treason against ones own land have been widely explored and they remain central in the issues of movement and immobility that are here discussed. Medea knows that her proper role is to stay on land and safeguard her family, but love is more powerful. As Carole Newlands points out __ though perhaps stretching Medeas transformation too far__ the heroine undergoes a change from dutiful daughter and innocent girl to rebellious woman, and finally mon ster. Patricia) This transformation in the person of Medea occurs because she is in danger of losing her libido object. She can go to all extremes to preserve this new feeling which she relishes now. Medeas actions are now derived by this new force and she is unable to act reasonably. She is ready to make the unwomanly move to kill her brother in order to get a safe passage for Jason and her. She acts unreasonably and unwomanly because she is unable to control the newly felt feeling of libido. This strange force of libido resides in her unconscious and inspires her actions. According to Freud Ã¢â¬Å" it (libido) manifests itself in irresistible attractions exerted by one sex upon the other and that its aim is sexual union or at least such actions as would lead to that union. Ã¢â¬ (Freud, The Basic Writings of Sigmund Freud) It is no doubt her overpowering libido which takes control of her consciousness and she acts as her libido dictates her. It is worth noting that all of her actions are violent now. This is explained by Freud as,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ ¦ the libido is regularly and lawfully of a masculine nature, whether in the man or in the woman. (Freud, The Basic Writings of Sigmund Freud) Its instinctual manifestation is quite clear. Here we come across a young woman, Medea, who can do anything to get hold of her libido object and her force lies in her libido. Let us now examine Medea when the drama starts. The violent Medea burning in the fire of love is not to be seen now. Her lover has married a royal woman Glauce. She is very much upset by this act of her lover. She is in a state of melancholy lamenting the deceit of Jason. Merriam-Webster dictionary defines Melancholia as: Ã¢â¬Å"a mental condition and especially a maniac-depressive condition characterized by extreme depression, bodily complaints, and often hallucinations and delusions. Ã¢â¬ (Merriam-Webster) Medea is suffering from this very condition. She is unable to think reasonably because of her depression. This situation has been portrayed by Euripides, Ã¢â¬Å"Medea (within). O misery! The things I have suffered cause enough for deep lamentations! Ã¢â¬ (Euripides) Her condition can be further explored psychologically. Ilit Ferber explains Freudian concept of mourner and melancholy, Ã¢â¬Å"Both FreudÃ¢â¬â¢s mourner and melancholic begin with a basic denial of their loss and an unwillingness to recognize it. But soon enough, the mourner, who is reacting in a non-pathological manner, recognizes and responds to the call of reality, to let go of the lost-loved object and liberate libidinal desire. This is the point of divergence with the melancholic who remains sunken in his loss, unable to acknowledge and accept the need to cleave and in a self-destructive loyalty to the lost object, internalizes it into his ego, hus furthermore circumscribing the conflict related to the loss. Ã¢â¬ (Ferber) This concept of Freud is fully synonymous with the condition of Medea presented by Euripides. She is unwilling to accept the reality; in fact she wants to mould reality by violence. Her object of libido has been taken away and this has made her depressed and she acts as a maniac. The deprivation of libido-obje ct has resulted in the repression of libido. The repression of libido disturbs the unconscious and the conscious life of Medea. The pain of separation from libido-object is in the unconscious of her mind. She herself, perhaps, does not know the real problem with her. The excessive repression of libido results in her mental stress beyond her capacity. She becomes a patient of psycho-neuroses. Freud describes psycho-neuroses as: Ã¢â¬Å"it (paranoia, psychoneuroses) regularly controls some portion of the social behavior (of the patient). The transformation of love into hatred, tenderness into hostility, which is characteristic of a large number of neurotic cases and apparently of all cases of paranoia, takes place by means of union of cruelty with libido. (Freud, The Basic Writings of Sigmund Freud) The same is the case with Medea now. Her extreme love for Jason now transforms into extreme hate. Her tenderness, as a lover and mother, changes into her cruelty. She does not care for anything now, not even for her children. She is now ready to break the conventions of society to satisfy her mind which has been disturbed by the pain inflicted upon her by her lover. Here again, she is unable to judge right from wrong. The barbarian Medea is again in action. The repressed libido here shows itself in the form of ego. The ego of Medea, which was not observed at the time of her elopement, now begins to take shape. The relation between ego and libido is explained by Freud in these lines, Ã¢â¬Å"we infer that under normal conditions ego-libido can transform itself into object-libido without difficulty and that this can again subsequently be absorbed into ego. Ã¢â¬ (Freud, A General Introduction to Psycho-analysis) The libido of Medea here transforms into her ego. The overwhelming libido gives birth to overwhelming ego. She can do anything for the sake of her ego as she did for the satisfaction and preservation of her libido. Freud further says in the same essay, Ã¢â¬Å"A man may be absolutely egoistic and yet have strong libidinal attachments to objects, in so far as libidinal satisfaction is an object is a need of his ego: his egoism will then see to it that his desires towards the object involve no injury to his ego. Ã¢â¬ (Freud, A General Introduction to Psycho-analysis) It follows from this that if the object goes out of reach the person considers it an injury to his/her ego. The ego of Medea now comes to play. She does not lament for the loss of her lover now but talks about the deceit of Jason. She says, Ã¢â¬Å"Great Zeus and Lady Themis, see you how I am treated, for all the strong oaths with which I bound my cursed husband. Ã¢â¬ (Euripides, Medea) She begins to think in the same manner as she did in her homeland when she experienced the fear of separation from Jason. She finally thinks of taking her revenge and inflicting the same pain on Jason which she herself suffers from. She has suffered psychologically and she wants Jason to feel the same psychological agony. She does not think of killing Jason but she plans to take away his libido-object by killing Glauce. To attain success in her motive she does not act madly but tactfully. She requests Creon to give her one day to go away from the country. In this time she architects a plan to kill Glauce. Her libido has now absorbed in her ego as we have noted earlier. The intensity of libido results in the intensified ego. Her ego now drives all her actions. She plans to kill her children as well because she does not want her enemies to inflict pains on her children. She also thinks that if she leaves her children behind, her enemies will laugh at her. She is fully aware of the horror and cruelty involved in her plan. She says, Ã¢â¬Å"My misery overwhelms me. O I do realize how terrible is the crime I am about, but passion over rules my resolutions, passion that causes most of the misery in the world. Ã¢â¬ (Euripides, Medea) This passion is not inspired only by her ego but also by her libido because she has in her mind the violent way she followed at the time of her elopement and it is perhaps towards this misery she refers in the cited lines. She decides to kill her children and the reason behind her action is, Ã¢â¬Å"I can delay no longer, my children will fall into the murderous hands of those that love them less than I do. In any case they must die. And if they must, I shall slay them, who gave them birth. Ã¢â¬ (Euripides, Medea) This also implies that MedeaÃ¢â¬â¢s love is not complacent_ it is quite violent. She lives on extremes. Her love is extreme and her hate is extreme. This situation of her mind again refers to lack of balance common in patients suffering from psychoneuroses. She loses sense of choosing the right way and sense of guilt is never seen in her. Her final dialogue with Jason is worth noting. Here she fully claims what she has done and her real motive. She says, Ã¢â¬Å"You could not hope, nor your princess either, to scorn my love, make a fool of me and live happily ever after. (Euripides, Medea) She has deprived Jason of his libido object and she is now satisfied because she has served her ego properly and has inflicted the same psychological stress as she suffered herself. She now feels herself victorious. She further says, Ã¢â¬Å"Call me tigress if you like, or Scylla that haunts the Tuscan coast. I don t mind now I have got properly under your skin. Ã¢â¬ (Euripides,Medea) Her ego now served she has no worries. She even does not care now what society says about her. She has taken her revenge. This psychoanalysis of the character of Medea shows that her overpowering libido is behind all her actions. The help she offered to Jason during the campaign, her elopement with Jason, the murder of her brother, the painful death inflicted upon Glauce __ all these actions were carried out for the satisfaction of her libido and then her libido transforms into ego. The repression of libido results in the formation of ego with greater intensity. Her heightened ego results in the murder of her own children. She even denies them burial. This not only disrupts the natural order but also intensifies the misery of Jason. The killing of blood relations is revolting in terms of Aristotle. She kills her blood relations twice and this shows that her mind is not balanced. The problem behind her psychological imbalance is not that she is unable to control her libido. It is because her libido is overwhelming and it is beyond her power to control it. The intensive libido is quite obvious in the unconscious of Medea forcing her to take steps that disrupt the natural order. Works Cited Euripides. Ten Plays by Euripides. Trans. Moses and McLean,John Hades. New York: Bantam Books, 2006. Ferber, Ilit. E-rea. 15 June 2006. 30 March 2012 lt;http://erea. revues. org/413gt;. Freud, Sigmund.
Wednesday, March 11, 2020
Guidelines for Using Double Possessives in English Take a good look at the following sentence: Natsaha is a friend of Joans and a client of Marlowes. If this sentence strikes you as extremely possessive, youre on the right track. The combination of the preposition of and a possessive form- either a noun ending in -s or a possessive pronoun- is called a double genitive (or double possessive). And while it may appear overly possessive, the construction has been around for centuries and its perfectly correct. British novelist Henry Fielding used the double genitive in A Journey From This World to the Next (1749): At seven years old I was carried into France . . . , where I lived with a person of quality, who was an acquaintance of my fathers. Youll also find it in Anne BrontÃ «s second (and final) novel: Shortly after, they both came up, and she introduced him as Mr. Huntingdon, the son of a late friend of my uncles.(The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, 1848) American writer Stephen Crane slipped a double genitive into one of his short stories: Oh, just a toy of the childs, explained the mother. Shes grown so fond of it, she loves it so.(The Stove, in Whilomville Stories, 1900) And in a recent novel, author Bil Wright doubled up on the construction: Hed already proved he was a liar. And he had a girlfriend even though he wasnt divorced. No, not a monster. But definitely an enemy of my mothers and mine.(When the Black Girl Sings, 2008) As these examples demonstrate, the double genitive is generally used for emphasis or clarification when the possessor is human. But watch out. If you stare at it too long, you may convince yourself that youve found a mistake. Apparently thats what happened to one of the original language mavens, James Buchanan. Back in 1767, he tried to outlaw the double genitive: Of being the sign of the Genitive Case, we cannot put it before a Noun with (s) for this is making two Genitives.(A Regular English Syntax) Keep in mind, as pointed out in Merriam-Websters Dictionary of English Usage, that the 18th-century grammarians simply had a horror of anything double, because such constructions did not occur in Latin. But this is English, of course, not Latin, and despite its apparent redundancy, the double genitive is a well-established idiom- a functional part of the language dating back to Middle English. As Theodore Bernstein says in Miss Thistlebottoms Hobgoblins (1971), the double genitive is of long standing, idiomatic, useful and here to stay. Finally, consider Martin Endleys demonstration of how the double genitive can be used to draw distinctions: (59a) I saw a statue of Queen Victoria in the park.(59b) I saw a statue of Queen Victorias in the park.Sentence (59a) can only mean that the speaker saw a statue depicting the great British monarch. On the other hand, the double genitive in (59b) would most naturally be understood to mean that the speaker saw a statue that once belonged to Queen Victoria but which depicted someone else.(Linguistic Perspectives on English Grammar, 2010) All the same, if the double genitive troubles you, just follow the example of linguists Rodney Huddleston and Geoffrey Pullum and call it something else: The oblique genitive construction is commonly referred to as the double genitive. . . . [H]owever, we do not regard of as a genitive case marker, and hence there is only one genitive here, not two (The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language, 2002).
Monday, February 24, 2020
Marketing - Essay Example The report is based on the study of the segmentation, targeting and positioning (STP) analysis of Apple and Samsung in the US market. These two organisations are the leading electronic goods manufacturer and dealer all over the world. This analysis is also emphasises on the importance of marketing mix strategy while analysing the different stages of STP strategy (Wood, 2008). Apple Inc. is a multinational company headquartered in California. It was established in the year of 1976 by Steve Jobs and Ronald Wayne. Apple offers consumer electronics, personal computers, software and online services to its customers (Marketline, 2014). Samsung is the leading electronic consumer durable organisation founded by Lee Byung-chul in the year of 1938. It is headquartered in Seoul, South Korea (Mukit, 2014). The product portfolio of Apple includes portable computers such as Macbook series, iPod, iPhone, iTune, printers, servers and wifi based stations. Apple MacBook and iPhones have created their status symbol. Their product category also includes different accessories and peripheral products such as printers, magic mouse and storage devices (Worstall, 2014). The distribution channel of Apple includes technology consultant and independent service provider. They prefer to sale their product only through authorized resellers, retailers and distributors. They also promote and sale their products through Apple authorized franchisee stores (Paczkowski, 2012). Apple is focused on promoting their products within students and professionals. Through their promotional activities they try to attract their customerÃ¢â¬â¢s attention towards the special features and benefits of their products. Their promotional procedure includes advertisement through all the possible media and sales promotions. Samsung has a wide product portfolio which includes Tablet, notebooks, printers, wide range of mobile phone and television, cameras, refrigerator,